THE CIRCULAR

The leading city of modernity

Photo by Mike C. Valdivia on Unsplash

New York is without doubt one of the most dynamic, diverse and creative cities in the world, a cultural centre of the modenirty, sustained by generations. The city was founded as New Amsterdam in 1624 by the Dutch, who bought Manhattan Island from the locals for only a thousand dollars. However, in 1664, the city’s dominance was passed to the British. Later the name was changed to New York to honour the Duke of York.

When the calendars showed 1765, New York witnessed the first conflicts between the Sons of Liberty, who set out the principle of full independence, and the British forces. After ten years of conflict, the biggest battle of the American Revolutionary War took place in Brooklyn in 1776. Although the British were victorious in this war, the city gained its independence soon after.

The first capital of the United States of America developed rapidly in many areas, with the privilege of being the country’s most important trade centre at the beginning of the 19th century. It even took the title of the most densely populated city globally.

Architecture

Photo by Zach Miles on Unsplash

New York entails many different types of architecture, including from gothic to Greek revival. For architecture enthusiasts the city offers a plenty of world-known striking buildings.

New York has a long colonial power, that can be seen especially in lower Manhattan. Common distinguishing features are stone brick, or wood pitched roofs.

Worth seeing ones : St. Mark’s-in-the-Bowery (Ithiel Town); American Academy of Dramatic Arts (Stanford White), Gracie Mansion (John McComb Jr.). 

Greek-like buildings are found in the Upper East Side in New York. These can easily be distinguished from modern architecture. Worshipping places, huge columns, heavy massing, and frescos carved on buildings are to create ancient atmosphere.

International Style is characterised by simple geometrical design. After the emerge of skyscrapers and population concentration in city centres, this sort gained importance, becoming one of the most useful styles. The city has many of this style,  UN Building (Harrison & Abramovitz, Le Corbusier, Museum of Modern Art (Edward Durell Stone and Philip Goodwin) are striking examples of this style.

Population

According to current data, the population of New York is approaching 8.6 million. The city is ethnically extraordinarily diverse. The impact of the intense immigration from Europe in the period between 1892 and 1924 undeniably changed the roots of city, creating more diverse a sphere. Around 1 out of 38 people living in the United States resides in New York City. New York has the highest population density of any major city in the United States, with over 27,000 people per square mile.

Its multicultural atmosphere derives from immigration history, which combines remarkable ethnic, racial and linguistic diversity. Jewish and Italian immigrants in the 1920s, later Asians, and Latin Americans waves of immigration generate this unique multicultural city. Every culture its own uniqueness. People tend to keep their culture alive in the city. Over a question asking whether the city is a melting pot to my interviewee, she clearly debunks this assumption underpinning the living reality of multiculturalism.

Environment

Contrary to its “concrete jungle” nickname, New York City is home to around 19,000 acres of natural areas, comprising forests, freshwater wetlands, and streams. According to studies, 40 percent of the city is regarded as “green,” which includes landscaped spaces like gardens, lawns, cemeteries, and backyards, as well as natural spaces like forests, wetlands, and grasslands. Throughout the five boroughs, there are 10,542 acres of forest, 4,988 acres of freshwater wetland, 3,478 acres of salt marsh, and 112 miles of streams.

Life

I interviewed a New Yorker who lived there for years. Contrary to the public imagination of New York, I realized that the city is much leafier than I thought. The fallacy stems from Holywood movies; seeing skyscrapers looming over the city makes people think it is a concrete jungle. The interviewee debunked this approach.

She also gave some insights into the city’s demographic structure and the things to do. From architecture to transportation, she depicts the issues in the eyes of a New Yorker, explaining and giving examples of the matters.

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