According to the World Health Organization (W.H.O) there has been 160, 686, 749 confirmed cases of covid 19 since it started and out of those confirmed cases, a total of 3,335,948 deaths have been recorded as at 14th May 2021. Things have been looking good since the vaccine has been created because it has been welcomed by people ( 1,264,164,553 vaccine doses It is crucial to have equitable access to safe and reliable vaccinations if the COVID-19 pandemic is to be stopped, so seeing so many vaccines being tested and developed is very promising. WHO and its collaborators are working hard to produce, manufacture, and distribute healthy and reliable vaccines. Effective and safe vaccinations are a game-changing weapon, but we must continue to wear gloves, wash our mouths, ensure proper ventilation indoors, and physically distance ourselves from crowds for the near future. Being vaccinated does not exclude us from exercising vigilance and putting ourselves and others at risk, especially because research into the extent to which vaccinations protect not only against illness but also against infection and transmission is still underway. WHO insists that anyone who may benefit from secure and reliable COVID-19 vaccines should get them as soon as possible, starting with people who are most at risk of serious illness or death.
The WHO’s Strategic Advisory Group of Experts on Immunization (SAGE) has published two main publications to aid in the distribution and prioritization of COVID-19 vaccines for different populations:
- The Values Framework for the allocation and prioritization of COVID-19 vaccination, which offers high-level guidance globally on the values and ethical considerations regarding allocation of COVID-19 vaccines between countries and offers guidance nationally on the prioritization of groups for vaccination within countries while supply is limited.
- The Roadmap for Prioritizing Population Populations for COVID-19 Vaccines and suggests public health policies and priority groups for various stages of vaccine supply and epidemiological settings. Frontline health and service staff at high risk of infection, older adults, and individuals at high risk of mortality due to chronic diseases like heart disease and diabetes are examples of target population categories.
Every country should establish a National Deployment and Vaccination Plan (NDVP) for COVID-19 vaccines, according to the WHO. It would be critical for a concerted initiative to include a single strategy in each nation that outlines all aspects of the country’s approach to COVID-19 vaccine rollout. That provides guidance on implementing the program which includes all the aspects that a nation would recognize. But it is prevention, not vaccines, that would put an end to the pandemic. We must ensure that vaccines are distributed fairly and equally, and that every nation receives them and is willing to use them to protect its citizens, beginning with the most vulnerable.