At present, the proportion of students choosing to go abroad to pursue studies at university is increasing. There are approximately one million Asians who leave their countries to study, and don’t return following their graduation. This is referred to as a “brain drain”, and it is having a marked increase in Asian countries.
1. The compensation policy is not high
Tuan Nguyen remarked “I am studying IT. I do not want to come back to Viet Nam. It is hard to find a good job because of Viet Nam’s economic crisis. I think there are a lot of global companies with offices based in Ireland such as Facebook, Google, etc. At least then I could find a job that is suitable for me there.”
26 year old international student, Emi Shimizu, who is studying Business Management at Griffith College, commented ” I wonder when I come back to Japan if I could find a good working environment where I can apply all the knowledge I have studied in Ireland.”
2/ Better living conditions abroad
The second most important reason why international students don’t want to go home is because the living standards of their host country is usually far better than that of their home country. A better life has been experienced abroad and when a comparison is made, generally a student’s home country comes off second best. Usually the freedom, independence, and ability to travel is not as available when they live in their home country, and returning home poses some major struggles in re-adjustment, particularly if the student’s life perspectives have changed and they are expected by their families to be the same person as they were before they left.
There are always comparisons to be made when analysing the differences between Asian and Western countries. There are advantages and disadvantages for both. One aspect which European countries generally provide is a good lifestyle, promoted by a social security and health system which is far better than that at home. In the West, an Asian person seems to be able to express themselves far better than they would had they have been in their home country. You can really be yourself without the perception of natural societal prejudice from your family and culture at home.
Experts have identified that a continued “brain drain” is not good for developing countries to continue to be the victim of. Unfortunately, this problem cannot be easily rectified. It takes a lot of hard work and flexibility in order to bring about meaningful changes. The only real measure by which this can be dealt with is for developing countries to address the “brain drain” in a way in which coming home makes the best possible sense for the graduating student, by listening to their needs, and making appropriate changes in employment opportunities, and access to ongoing options to add to their resume.