Amsterdam is the capital of the Netherlands and one of the most popular and most interesting tourist cities in Europe. It is an iconic city with its fan-shaped expanding canals from one centre and its cute houses with red bricks lined up around it. It is an important candidate for the list of countries to be seen with all its features and beauties.

Credit: Aylin Yilmaz

Known for its crazy and colourful nightlife, exquisite canals, museums, exquisite flower markets and exquisite cycling paths, Amsterdam is a wonderful northern city where you can always feel the fun and explore of the streets. A small fishing town in the 12th century, the city nowadays reveals the romantic and bohemian lifestyle with its charming houses, bike paths, and the city’s water channels.

Amsterdam is one of the most visited cities in Europe with 4.5 million guests and 16 million daily tourists visiting the beautiful streets of cobblestones each year. When you see the number of people who fall in love with so many visitors and so much the city, if you’re wondering where all this popularity comes from, take this cute city like me on your route.

Credit : Aylin Yilmaz
Credit: Aylin Yilmaz

Amsterdam, which is known as Amstel-reddamme because of its establishment on the banks of the Amstel River, has a history dating back to 1200s. In 1296, the region under the domination of the Netherlands became a city where the Protestant and Jews took shelter in order to get rid of religious repression, and it became a city where economic prosperity increased in the 1600s.  

Amsterdam, as a result of innovative ( The Dutch Golden Age) developments in trade, science, art became one of the world’s most important ports in the 17th century. So in the 19th and 20th centuries, the city has expanded more and many new neighbourhoods and suburbs have been added.

The canals, whose total length is more than 100 km and restored in the 17th century, give the city a very different and beautiful atmosphere. Amsterdam’s famous canals are now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Although today Amsterdam is one of the smallest capitals in the world with a population of 800 thousand people, the country hosts guests from 180 different countries as tourism, culture, art and economy center.